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Anal Fistula

Anal Fistula or fistula-in-ano is an abnormal connection between the surface of anal canal and the perianal skin.The incidence of fistula ranges from 26-38%. Men are more prone to fistula in ano when compared to women.Anal fistula is most commonly caused by an anal abscess.It is very troublesome and also scary; the patient will suffer for long as it will be very painful. Patient will find difficulty in sitting, due to the pain and pus discharge. There will be difficulty in passing stools which will again worsen the condition. Anal fistula can be very painful and can be irritating because of pus drain.


Anal fistula is commonly the result of a previous or current anal abscess. Fistula in ano is an abnormal cavity with an external opening in the perianal area that is communicating with the rectum or anal canal by an identifiable internal opening.

Fistula in ano is a hollow tract lined with granulation tissue, connecting a primary opening inside the anal canal to a secondary opening in the perianal skin. Secondary tracts may be multiple and can extend from the same primary opening.

 Normal anatomy includes small glands just inside the anus. Occasionally these glands get clogged and potentially can become infected leading to an abscess. The fistula is a tunnel which is formed under the skin and connects the infected glands to the abscess.


  • A growth or ulcer.
  • Complication of surgery.
  • Abscess.
  • Infection like TB, HIV, AIDS, Chlamydia, syphilis.
  • Cancer of rectum.
  • Secondary to trauma.
  • Chron’s disease.
  • Congenital abnormality.


Fistula in ano can be successfully treated in Ayurveda. With the help of special Kshara Sutra technique, specialists do treat the condition without any side effects in Healing Earth Multispeciality Ayurveda Hospital.


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