Skin is an extraordinary structure. It is frequently damaged because it is directly in the ‘firing line’ and for this reason, skin diseases are very common. There are more than 3000 known diseases of the skin. Skin diseases are among the most common health problems worldwide and are associated with a considerable burden.A cosmetically disfiguring disorder can have a significant impact, and can cause considerable discomfort and disability.Almost 73% of people are affected with skin disorder do not seek medical advice. The most common skin disorders are psoriasis, eczema, urticaria, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, vitiligo, rosacea, lentigenes, melasma, sunburn, scabies leprosy, wrinkles, groin rash, warts, etc.
WHAT IS PSORIASIS?
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder of the skin which results in hyper proliferation of the skin. It is a chronic skin disease characterized by dry skin and raised, rough, red areas on the skin covered with fine silvery scales. Psoriasis is non-infectious and it is often seen in people between 15 to 40 yrs of age.
When psoriasis is moderate or severe, the skin gets inflammed with raised red areas topped with loose, silvery, scaling skin. If psoriasis is severe, the skin becomes itchy and tender and sometimes large patches form and may be uncomfortable. The patches can join together and cover large areas of skin, such as the entire back.
WHAT IS DEMATITIS?
Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin. Depending on the type of dermatitis, areas of skin may become red and itchy with some acute attacks causing crusty scales or blisters that oozes fluid.
Contact dermatitis,Nummular dermatitis,Atopic dermatitis or eczema,Seborrhoeic dermatitis,Stasis dermatitis.
Dry, reddish, itchy skin, circular patches of weeping, scaly, or encrusted skin.
WHAT IS URTICARIA?
Urticaria is a vascular reaction of the skin characterized by a sudden general eruption of pale wheal or papules,which are associated with severe itching.This condition may be caused by contact with an external irritant such as the nettle, physical agents,food,insect bites,pollens,drugs or neurogenic factors. It is caused by an autoimmune reaction. Acute viral infection is another common cause of acute urticaria .They are frequently caused by allergic reactions.
WHAT IS HERPES ZOSTER?
Herpes zoster is an infection resulting from reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) that affects peripheral or cranial nerves The disease manifests as painful cutaneous eruptions over a single dermatome or two or more contiguous dermatomes.
The causative agent of herpes zoster, VZV, is a linear, double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) genome enclosed in a protein envelope.
The earliest symptoms of herpes zoster, which include headache, fever, and malaise, are nonspecific,commonly followed by sensations of burning pain, itching, hyperesthesia.
WHAT IS VITILIGO?
vitiligo is a condition that causes depigmentation of parts of the skin. It occurs when melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation, die or are unable to function. Vitiligo is a disease in which the pigment cells of the skin, melanocytes, are destroyed in certain areas.Vitiligo results in depigmented, or white, patches of skin in any location on the body.Vitiligo can be focal and localized to one area, or it may affect several different areas on the body. The exact cause of vitiligo is unknown, although most experts believe that it is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys certain cells within the body.
WHAT IS SCABIES?
Scabies is a contagious skin infection caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The mite is a tiny, and usually not directly visible, parasite which burrows under the host’s skin, causing intense allergic itching.
Intense itching and superficial burrows,tiny blisters or sores.
WHAT IS MELASMA?
Melasma is a tan or dark skin discoloration. Although it can affect anyone, melasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral or patch contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy medications.
The symptoms of melasma are dark, irregular well demarcated hyperpigmented macules to patches commonly found on the upper cheek, nose, lips, upper lip, and forehead.
Melasma is thought to be the stimulation of melanocytes or pigment-producing cells by the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone to produce more melanin pigments when the skin is exposed to sun.
WHAT IS SUNBURN?
A sunburn is a form of radiation burn that affects living tissue, such as skin, that results from an overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, commonly from the sun.
Other symptoms are edema, itching, peeling skin, rash, nausea, fever, chills, and syncope. Also, a small amount of heat is given off from the burn, caused by the concentration of blood in the healing process, giving a warm feeling to the affected area.
WHAT IS LEPROSY?
Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease (HD), is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis.There are two main types of disease based on the number of bacteria present: paucibacillary and multibacillary.
Leprosy is primarily a granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract; skin lesions are the primary external sign. Left untreated, leprosy can be progressive, causing permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes.
WHAT IS WRINKLE?
A wrinkle, also known as a rhytide, is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin. Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging processes such as glycation, habitual sleeping positions, loss of body mass, or temporarily, as the result of prolonged immersion in water. Age wrinkling in the skin is promoted by habitual facial expressions, aging, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and various other factors.
Skin disease gets imbalanced due to faulty,dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles. The imbalanced pitta manifests in skin and causes accumulation of ama or toxins. These toxins accumulate in the body,mixes with tissues such as rasa (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), mamsa (fat), and the lymph (lasika), and contaminate them thus causing skin diseases.
Healing Earth Multispeciality Ayurveda Hospital is specialized in treating these skin diseases.We use special organic preparations for the panchakarma procedures as skin is very delicate and reactive area.Hence our treatments are giving immense result also.